Category Archives: Bible

Book Review: The Resurrection Fact

The Resurrection Fact: Responding to Modern Critiques is a collection of essay by various scholars addressing critiques and demonstrating the evidences for the resurrection of Jesus. Because the resurrection is so central to the Christian faith it resfacbecomes the bases upon which the church stands or falls. As the apostle Paul says in his letter to the church in Corinth, “And if Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile and you are still in your sins.” Such a significant point of the faith has not been left without evidences and these evidences should be shared if for no other reason than to exalt the Lord of glory.

What I found interesting about the book is the contributors to the volume. Each of them comes from a specialized field of study (Law, History, Philosophy, etc.) which they apply in their responses to topics such as, skepticism of the New Testament, the events of Good Friday and Easter, the role of faith and evidence for the resurrection, and the historicity of the resurrection. Each contributor is in dialogue with a modern day critic which I found to be very useful. This is not a rehashing of the same old arguments. The writers of the Resurrection Fact are dealing with contemporary critics which offers a fresh new look at these important issues.

As far a my own criticism goes I can’t think of any. However as tradition would have it they wont come to me till after I have completed the review. However, I can anticipate someone being apprehensive about reading a book on apologetics written by academicians. My response is to not be. It is important to have individuals who understand the issues write a response. That is a given. However, reading above your comfort level will only make you a better reader and thinking.

I personally rank this book a 5 out of 5.

 


Disclosure of Material Connection: I received this book free from the publisher. I was not required to write a positive review. The opinions I have expressed are my own. I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission’s 16 CFR, Part 255 <http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_03/16cfr255_03.html> : “Guides Concerning the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Advertising.”

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Interpreting Apocalyptic Literature

Interpreting Apocalyptic Literature

Richard A. Taylor, Interpreting Apocalyptic Literature: An Exegetical Handbook

Kregel Publications, 2016, 205pp., ISBN 978-0-8254-2761-9.

Interpreting Apocalyptic Literature is sixth in the Handbooks For Old Testament Exegesis series by David M. Howard Jr. Taylor’s book is a step forward in the right direction for Old Testament exegesis. Avoiding the pitfall of assuming that all text should be interpreted in very same way Taylor opens the book by giving some foundational insight in to the type of literature the apocalyptic genre is.  He writes,

The expression apocalyptic literature refers to a type of writing that adopts to a significant degree the outlook of apocalypticism and portrays those themes through a vivid use of symbolic language.

Taylor spends the entire first chapter explaining the foundation of apocalyptic literature, defining terms, and talking method for understanding apocalyptic literature. In so doing he has established a solid start point for the discussion.  From here he explains seven major apocalyptic themes (chapter 2), basic guidelines for apocalyptic interpretation (chapter 4), teaching apocalyptic literature (chapter 5), and ends by providing sample apocalyptic texts (chapter 6).

Interpreting Apocalyptic literature is a well written and very necessary introduction to the topic of apocalyptic literature. At 205 pages it isn’t going to delve into every instance of apocalyptic literature found in the Bible. However the strengths in the volume is it’s easy to read style providing the pastor, seminarian, or laity with a solid resource for reading and understanding this particular genre.

RATING 4 out of 5


Disclosure of Material Connection: I received this book free from the publisher. I was not required to write a positive review. The opinions I have expressed are my own. I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission’s 16 CFR, Part 255 <http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_03/16cfr255_03.html> : “Guides Concerning the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Advertising.”

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Filed under Bible, Book Review, Hermeneutics, Old Testament, Preaching

Quote Of The Day: Baptist Faith & Message on Humanity

“The sacredness of human personality is evident in that God created man in His own image,… therefore, every person of every race possesses full dignity and is worthy of respect and Christian love”.

 

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Sarah And The Covenant Of Grace

Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not listen to the law? For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave woman and one by a free woman. But the son of the slave was born according to the flesh, while the son of the free woman was born through promise. Now this may be interpreted allegorically: these women are two covenants. One is from Mount Sinai, bearing children for slavery; she is Hagar. Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia; she corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. But the Jerusalem above is free, and she is our mother. For it is written,

“Rejoice, O barren one who does not bear; break forth and cry aloud, you who are not in labor! For the children of the desolate one will be more than those of the one who has a husband.”

Now you, brothers, like Isaac, are children of promise. But just as at that time he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, so also it is now. But what does the Scripture say? “Cast out the slave woman and her son, for the son of the slave woman shall not inherit with the son of the free woman.” So, brothers, we are not children of the slave but of the free woman. (Galatians 4:21-31 ESV)

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Book Review: A Syntax Guide For Readers Of The Greek New Testament

Lee Irons has recently published a new Syntax Guide For Readers Of The Greek New Testament (SG). The purpose for this guide is to give readers of New Testament Greek a jump start in to the discipline of reading the New Testament in its original language. Typically studies of the Greek tend to either get overlooked or focus on individual word studies. What Irons would like to see is students of New Testament Greek take up the practice of reading whole sections of the Greek text and eventually the entire New Testament. However, anyone who has taken up that task has recognized immediately the difficulty before them in being able to readily interpret as you read. SG provides the syntactical information (i.e. idioms, syntactical categories, etc. )to help aid in understanding Greek phrases and sentences  in order to “streamline” the reading experience.

While this is a helpful volume it requires some prior familiarity of the Koine Greek. I would say this volume was ideally written for any one with at least two years of Greek. In fact the volume assumes it’s reader’s understanding of Greek. My only reservation is the Iron’s does not sight the sources he has used for his content. Then again this isn’t that kind of tool, which is fine with me as I have always known Irons to be competent with his Greek.

This volume has several appealing features. First it follows the Novum Testamentum Graece, 27th and 28th editions. To me it even looks like the maroon hardback UBS Greek New Testament. There is also a subject index that allows the reader to look up verses by grammatical form. This is a very helpful volume. I have attempted to use it as Irons had intended and I found personally I come away with a better understanding of the text since my tendency is to skip over phrases or sentences that I didn’t understand.  Definitely a must for any Greek reader’s reference library.

Rating 4 out of 5

Disclosure of Material Connection: I received this book free from the publisher. I was not required to write a positive review. The opinions I have expressed are my own. I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission’s 16 CFR, Part 255 <http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_03/16cfr255_03.html> : “Guides Concerning the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Advertising.”

 

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Francis Schaeffer On Evangelism

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“We must remember that the person to whom we are talking, however far from the Christian faith he may be, is an image-bearer of God. He has great value, and our communication with him must be in genuine Love. Love is not an easy thing; it is not just an emotional urge, but an attempt to move over and sit in the other person’s place and see how his problems look to him. Love is a genuine concern for the individual….Therefore, to be engaged in personal “witness” as a duty or because our Christian circle exerts a social pressure on us, is to miss the whole point. The reason we do it is that the person before us is an image-bearer of God, and he is an individual who is unique in the world. This kind of communication is not cheap”

Schaeffer, The God Who Is There

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Defending Your Faith 1 Peter 3:15

“…have no fear of them, nor be troubled, but in your hearts honor Christ the Lord as holy, always being prepared to make a defense to anyone who asks you for a reason for the hope that is in you; yet do it with gentleness and respect,

I was in a conversation recently where I was reminded of a time as a new believer in Christ I wanted to share the Gospel with a classmate in college. The conversation lasted about two hours and the primary topic was neo-Darwinian evolution, and its legitimacy or lack there of. When the conversation was over, he went his way and I went mine, all the while a nagging thought continued to linger in my mind. It was the fact that I had just spent two hours with this guy and didn’t mention the Gospel or Christ once the entire time. Unfortunately, this is how many “apologetic” conversations go and at the core of the problem it is unclear what we are supposed to be doing when giving an “apologetic”.

In 399 B.C. the ancient Greek Philosopher, Socrates was charged by the Athenian court with impiety toward the gods and corrupting the youth of Athens. Interestingly,  Socrates responded to these charges with an “apology” of all things. Only his “apology” didn’t sound like an apology that we hear today. In fact, among other things, Socrates in his “apology” said for what he has done he shouldn’t be given a sentence of death. On the contrary Socrates said he should be given free room and board at Prytaneion. A subtle mockery of Athenian culture who places athletics above the intellectual life. But none the less, he gave an “apology” that didn’t consist of saying he was sorry. Rather what he gave was a defense.

In ancient or classical Greek an “apology” was simply that, a defense of any allegation made. Here, I believe, is our problem. In 1 Peter 3:15 Peter writes,

always being prepared to make a defense to anyone who asks you for a reason for the hope that is in you

We see the word (ἀπολογίαν)”defense” in verse 15, we do a word study, and we are correct that it means to defend something. A more literal translation for (ἀπολογίαν) apo logian is to “speak away.” So, if I’m told that God didn’t create man because evolution did it, I’m going to give a defense, right? Let’s suspend judgment on that question and return to it. I will say there is a place for that kind of conversation and the non-believing world should know some of the problems that exist within a purely naturalistic explanation for life. Having said that, I want to create a distinction between that type of conversation and what Peter is explaining in 1 Peter 3:15.

Since 1 Peter 3:15 is the standard Christian charter for doing “apologetics” it would make sense to look at it with some fresh eyes. The purpose of Peter’s letter is to exhort Christian believers during a time of great persecution (1 Peter 1:6-9; 1 Peter 2:18-25). These words of Peter are words of encouragement under a Roman tyrant, possibly Nero (AD 54 – 68). Peter exhorts these Christians to not fear their accusers (3:14), rather give them a reason for the hope they have (3:15).

So what reason do they have for hope? Well Peter has discussed it in chapter 1. In 1:3 Peter says that we were born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.  In 1:13 Peter tell us to set our hopefully on the grace that will be brought to us at the revelation of Jesus Christ. Lastly, 1:21 says our hope in God was established in Christ. All of this is important to how we read 3:15, the common thread throughout, is Christ.

When we get to 3:15 we understand a particular context from which Peter is making his claim to always be ready to make a defense. This is not a command to answer any and every possible question a non-believer can conjure up. Rather, this is an exhortation to be prepared to give a reason for the hope that Christians have.  Our hope isn’t based on responses to speculative cosmologies or theories of origin. The general answer we get from this letter and the whole of Scripture is Christ. That is to say our hope is in the assurance that we get from the promises of grace from the Father and through His Son.

What I propose here is not only in 1 Peter 3:15 but the accumulative teaching throughout Scripture, is that our apologetic or defense should be Christ centered. This isn’t to say that there is no place for second tier discourses, but where the emphasis should always be is with Christ. At this point you should be asking yourself questions on how Christ centered apologetics should be executed or what does that look like. Unfortunately, that is a topic for another conversation.

 

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